Archipelago off the northeast coast of Asia, ruled since 1947 by the Nippon-koku

Reference

Japan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Japan(Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally the State of Japan) is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean 'sun-origin', which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the 'Land of the Rising Sun'. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.04, Rank: 32, Personal Freedom: 8.67, Economic Freedom: 7.42, Democracy Index: 7.75
Japan | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 96, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"In September 2015, Prime Minister Shinzō Abe's governing Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) passed security legislation that permits the country's self-defense forces to aid allies that come under attack. The legislation, to take effect in 2016, ushered in a fundamental reinterpretation of Japan's constitution, which previously had been viewed as permitting the use of force only in cases of self-defense. The measure prompted significant opposition in the parliament and inspired mass protests."
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.42, Rank: 40

Articles

Interview with Adam Smith [via Edwin West], by Edwin George West, The Region, The Region, Jun 1994
Professor Edwin G. West stands in for Adam Smith and answers questions from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis banking and policy issues magazine
"There is one aspect of Japanese policy, however, that conflicts with my principle of natural liberty. Japan has used controls to reduce imports with the apparent aim of reducing workers' living standards in order to devote more national resources to industrial investment. ... Insofar as it has succeeded the result has been what I used to call a derangement, but what you now term a misallocation of resources."
The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor, by John T. Flynn, Oct 1945
Written shortly after the release of the U.S. Army and Navy reports on the Pearl Harbor attack, Flynn claims it was the result of "three incredible blunders" and that President Roosevelt "personally managed the whole crisis"
"Japan's ruthless policy of conquest had brought her into deep water. ... One party – the militarists – was for seizing the Dutch East Indies which would solve the supply problem. But that would mean war with England and – almost certainly – with the United States. The Counselor of the American Embassy in Tokyo had so informed the Japanese Foreign Office. Nevertheless the extremists were for the desperate try. The other party – the moderates, led by the Japanese Premier Konoye – was for making the best terms possible with the United States and getting out of the China affair as best they could."
The War System and Its Intellectual Myths, by Murray Rothbard, Harry Elmer Barnes: Learned Crusader, 1968
Originally titled "Harry Elmer Barnes as Revisionist of the Cold War"
"... the highly significant MacArthur memorandum to F.D.R. of January 20, 1945 ... explicitly set forth the terms of an authentic Japanese peace offer which were virtually identical with the final surrender terms that we accepted from the Japanese seven months later — at the cost of countless needlessly expended lives, Japanese and American alike."