The 13 original colonies whose representatives signed the U.S. Declaration of Independence

The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries. They declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America. The Thirteen Colonies had very similar political, constitutional and legal systems and were dominated by Protestant English-speakers. They were part of Britain's possessions in the New World, which also included colonies in Canada, the Caribbean and the Floridas.

  • Carolina, North - The Tarheel State - ratified Constitution 21 Nov 1789
  • Carolina, South - The Palmetto State - ratified Constitution 23 May 1788
  • Connecticut - The Constitution State - ratified Constitution 9 Jan 1788
  • Delaware - Motto: Liberty and Independence - ratified Constitution 7 Dec 1787
  • Georgia - The Peach State - ratified Constitution 2 Jan 1788
  • Maryland - The Free State - ratified Constitution 28 Apr 1788
  • Massachusetts - The Bay State - ratified Constitution 6 Feb 1788
  • New Hampshire - Motto: Live Free or Die - ratified Constitution 21 Jun 1788
  • New Jersey - Motto: Liberty and Prosperity - ratified Constitution 18 Dec 1787
  • New York - The Empire State - ratified Constitution 26 Jul 1788
  • Pennsylvania - The Keystone State - ratified Constitution 12 Dec 1787
  • Rhode Island - The Ocean State - ratified Constitution 29 May 1790
  • Virginia - The Old Dominion - ratified Constitution 23 Jun 1788


Imperium in Imperio, by Frank Chodorov, analysis, Jun 1950
Examines the theory of government espoused by James Madison in The Federalist number 10, and how property rights have regressed since then
"Above all things these Americans cherished freedom. They had come to it by way of hardship and it stuck to their ribs. Many of them were but a generation away from indentured servitude; still quite alive was the memory of the horrors of migration; they had paid a high price for freedom. No government had given them their prized possession; they had literally hewn it out of the forest and they meant to keep it. All their experience with government, in the Europe from which they fled or in the colonies, taught them to distrust political power."
Journals of the Continental Congress: Resolution of Richard Henry Lee; June 7, 1776, by Richard Henry Lee, 7 Jun 1776
The Avalon Project, Yale Law School
"Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved."
The Colonial Venture of Ireland, Part 1, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, May 2004
Historical account of Ireland from its earliest inhabitants, through various invaders, conflicts with the English and between Catholics and Protestants, to the mid-nineteenth century
"Meanwhile, the American colonies had also become restless under British rule. The Revolution of 1776 had many friends in Ireland who sympathized with Benjamin Franklin's appeal for their support against a common enemy: England. Connections between America and Ireland ran deep. By 1770, an estimated one in ten ships leaving major American ports sailed for Ireland. At least one American in six living south of New England was of Irish origin."
The Philosophy of Paine, by Thomas Edison, The Diary and Sundry Observations of Thomas Alva Edison, 7 Jun 1925
Edison laments the lack of interest in Paine's writings, outlines his life, discusses the main writings and encourages others to read him
"Looking back to those times we cannot, without much reading, clearly gauge the sentiment of the Colonies. Perhaps the larger number of responsible men still hoped for peace with England. They did not even venture to express the matter that way. Few men, indeed, had thought in terms of war. Then Paine wrote 'Common Sense,' an anonymous tract which immediately stirred the fires of liberty. It flashed from hand to hand throughout the Colonies."
The Rocky Road of American Taxation, by Charles Adams, Mises Daily, 15 Apr 2006
Adapted from the author's For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization
"... Governors wrote home to Britain advising the government that the rebellion could not be curbed. ... Most important, the Stamp Act united the colonies — something that had been impossible up to 1765. Massachusetts called for a congress of the colonies, and delegates appeared from almost all colonial governments."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Thirteen Colonies" as of 02 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.