Henry George (2 September 1839 – 29 October 1897) was an American political economist and journalist. His writing was immensely popular in the 19th century, and sparked several reform movements of the Progressive Era. His writings also inspired the economic philosophy known as Georgism, based on the belief that people should own the value they produce themselves, but that the economic value derived from land (including natural resources) should belong equally to all members of society.
His most famous work, Progress and Poverty (1879), sold millions of copies worldwide, probably more than any other American book before that time. The treatise investigates the paradox of increasing inequality and poverty amid economic and technological progress, the cyclic nature of industrialized economies and the use of extensive land value tax as a remedy for these and other social problems.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Henry George" as of 07 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.