Island territories in western Europe, ruled since 1921 by the Monarchy of the United Kingdom
See also:
  • FreedomPedia
  • The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometers, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 66 million inhabitants in 2017.

    • England - The southern part of the island of Great Britain
    • Scotland - Territory in the north of the island of Great Britain, ruled since 1707 by the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, the Pàrlamaid na h-Alba and the Riaghaltas na h-Alba

    Birthplace of

    Francis Hutcheson, in Drumalig, Saintfield Parish, County Down, Ireland, on 8 Aug 1694

    Measures of Freedom

    Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
    2014: 8.61, Rank: 6, Personal Freedom: 9.29, Economic Freedom: 7.93, Democracy Index: 8.04
    Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
    2014: 7.93, Rank: 10
    United Kingdom | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
    2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 95, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
    "Prime Minister David Cameron's Conservative Party won general elections held in May 2015, enabling it to govern without its former coalition partner, the Liberal Democrats. Euroskeptic groups, including some within the ruling party, continued to criticize Britain's membership in the European Union (EU), and Cameron pledged to hold a referendum by the end of 2017 on whether the country should leave the bloc."

    Articles

    Better Them Than Us, by Scott McPherson, 19 Jan 2004
    Discusses the Brazilian disarmament statute of 2003 and similar 1997 United Kingdom ban vis-à-vis findings by Gary Kleck and John Lott regarding gun ownership and prevalence of crime
    "Casting further doubt on the efficacy of gun control, the United Kingdom in 1997 passed a total ban on the private possession of handguns following a high-profile public shooting in Scotland and all but eliminated every other form of gun ownership. This is the precise 'antidote' desired by gun-control supporters elsewhere. Six years later, 'peaceful' Britain now has the highest overall crime rate in the Western world, and violent crime is skyrocketing. Gang wars and drive-by shootings are increasing."
    Child Labor and the British Industrial Revolution, Part 1, by Lawrence Reed, Future of Freedom, Sep 1999
    Contrasts the situation of "free labour" and "parish apprentice" children during the British Industrial Revolution, the latter being mostly orphans placed in the custody of parish, i.e., government, authorities
    "Everyone agrees that in the 100 years between 1750 and 1850 there took place in Great Britain profound economic changes. It was the age of the Industrial Revolution, complete with a cascade of technical innovations, a vast increase in industrial production, a renaissance of world trade, and a rapid growth of urban populations. Where historians and other observers clash is in the interpretation of these great changes."
    Federalist No. 4: The Same Subject Continued: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence, by John Jay
    Considers the potential of invasion on Great Britain's constituent countries (if they had separate armies and fleets) and the United States if divided into 13 states or three or four confederacies, arguing for the advantages of centralization
    "What would the militia of Britain be if the English militia obeyed the government of England, if the Scotch militia obeyed the government of Scotland, and if the Welsh militia obeyed the government of Wales? Suppose an invasion; would those three governments (if they agreed at all) be able, with all their respective forces, to operate against the enemy so effectually as the single government of Great Britain would? ... let those four of the constituent parts of the British empire be be under four independent governments, and it is easy to perceive how soon they would each dwindle into comparative insignificance."
    Related Topic: War
    Federalist No. 5: The Same Subject Continued: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence, by John Jay
    Ironically argues that separate confederacies, specifically Northern and Southern, may result in conflict between them since one could be at war with a foreign nation with which the other wants to be at peace
    "The history of Great Britain is the one with which we are in general the best acquainted, and it gives us many useful lessons. ... Although it seems obvious to common sense that the people of such an island should be but one nation, yet we find that they were for ages divided into three, and that those three were almost constantly embroiled in quarrels and wars with one another. Notwithstanding their true interest with respect to the continental nations was really the same, yet by the arts and policy and practices of those nations, their mutual jealousies were perpetually kept inflamed ..."
    Government Interventionism in Ireland, Part 1, by Scott McPherson, Future of Freedom, May 2004
    Account of Irish history in the early 20th century, contrasting the views of unionists in Ulster with those of nationalists desiring home rule or outright separation from Britain
    Related Topic: Republic of Ireland
    How Franklin Roosevelt Lied America Into War, by William Henry Chamberlin, Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace, 1953
    Excerpted from chapter 8, "The Bankruptcy of a Policy", of the Harry Elmer Barnes anthology; describes several actions by Roosevelt and his administration which contradicted his campaign pledges "to keep our country out of war"
    "The exchange of American destroyers for British bases ... in September, 1940. ... The secret American-British staff talks in Washington in January-March, 1941. ... The British Isles were not invaded in 1940, at the height of Hitler's military success on the Continent. They were much more secure against invasion in 1941. Contrast the scare predications ... about the impending invasion of Britain in the first months of 1941, with the testimony of Winston Churchill, as set down in his memoirs: 'I did not regard invasion as a serious danger in April, 1941, since proper preparations had been made against it.'"
    Middle-of-the-Road Policy Leads to Socialism, by Ludwig von Mises, 18 Apr 1950
    Speech to the University Club of New York; argues that the middle of the road policies of interventionism, such as price controls and progressive taxation, eventually lead to socialism via central planning
    "... in the second World War ... Great Britain again resorted to price ceilings for a few vital commodities and had to run the whole gamut proceeding further and further until it had substituted all-around planning of the country's whole economy for economic freedom. When the war came to an end, Great Britain was a socialist commonwealth. It is noteworthy to remember that British socialism was not an achievement of Mr. Attlee's Labor Government, but of the war cabinet of Mr. Winston Churchill. "
    Our Elective Monarchy, by Sheldon Richman, 16 Jun 2004
    Comments on the seemingly royal funeral for Ronald Reagan and the similar treatment given to other U.S. Presidents, contrasting them to British Prime Ministers
    "Great Britain's government is a parliamentary system under a monarchy. Thus the head of state and the head of government are different people. ... The Parliament's vigorous questioning of the prime minister is the most public manifestation of this feature of the British government. Elected officials grill the chief executive, who is one of their own, and he must answer."
    Terrorism Comes with Empire, by Jacob Hornberger, 8 Jul 2005
    Reflects on the 7 July 2005 London bombings (and 1993 and 2001 attacks in New York and the Pentagon) and why England and the U.S. were the targets rather than Switzerland
    "Of course, the same cannot be said of England, whose foreign policy in the Middle East can be summed up as follows: Whatever the U.S. government does, the British government supports and joins. Thus, the British government participated in President Bush's recent war on Iraq — a war against a sovereign and independent country that never attacked the United States or England or even threatened to do so."
    The Colonial Venture of Ireland, Part 2, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, Jun 2004
    Historical account of Ireland from 1840 to the early years of the twentieth century, including the Young Irelanders, the famines, the Irish in North America, Captain Boycott, the demand for home rule, the Gaelic League and the emergence of Sinn Fein
    "Meanwhile, in Britain, the costs of the Boer War in South Africa and a declining economy made the Tories unpopular and brought the Liberals to power in 1906. When the Liberals created the foundation of a welfare state, the British budget was strained. Taxes on inheritance, land profits, and high incomes were increased but the Tories used the House of Lords to veto such measures. To break the stalemate, the Liberals needed support from the Irish delegates in the House of Commons."
    The Colonial Venture of Ireland, Part 4, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, Aug 2004
    Historical account of the partitioned Ireland from 1922 to the 1970's, including Éamon de Valera, the creation of the Republic of Ireland, the conflicts with and eventual split up of the IRA, and civil rights marches and riots in the North
    "As for the British, Eddie McAteer declared in the spring of 1972, 'I am not anti-British, but I do complain that the British mind seems incapable of realizing that other countries would wish to deprive themselves of the services of British rule. If we had been allowed to develop normally, it is possible that we would have married the two bloodstreams, the two religions, and the two cultures here in the north of Ireland, but we have not succeeded because Britain wished to retain her foothold here. ...'"
    The U.S. Base on Diego Garcia: An Overlooked Atrocity, by Sheldon Richman, 4 Jun 2013
    Describes the forced evacuation of Diego Garcia's native inhabitants by Great Britain during 1968-1973, so that the United States could set up a Navy base, as well as current efforts to redress those actions
    "Britain 'agreed to take those "administrative measures" necessary to remove the nearly 2,000 Chagossians in exchange for $14 million in secret U.S. payments.' The British kept their end of the bargain. In 1968, Britain began blocking the return of Chagossians who left to obtain medical treatment or to go on vacation, 'marooning them often without family members and almost all their possessions,' Vine writes."
    Related Topics: Government, United States

    The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "United Kingdom" as of 26 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.