15 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  A. B. and C. Third broadcast episode of The Prisoner, where Number Two induces dreams on Number Six
 
Upd Topic:  Arrival First episode of The Prisoner, where Number Six arrives at The Village and attempts his first two escapes
 
Upd Topic:  Biographical Films Movies depicting the events of a person's life
 
Upd Topic:  Chimes of Big Ben, The Second broadcast episode of The Prisoner, where Number Six returns to London (or not)
 
Upd Topic:  Free For All Fourth broadcast episode of The Prisoner, where Number Six becomes Number Two for a short while
 
Upd Topic:  Gandhi 1982 biographical movie about Mohandas K. Gandhi
 
Upd Topic:  General, The Sixth broadcast episode of The Prisoner, where Number Six matches wits with "The General"
 
Topic:  Gold Standard A monetary system in which currency values are defined in terms of gold
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses the 1955 $10,000 annual pay increase (about $90,000 in 2018) granted to themselves by members of the U.S. Congress, a proposed $20 annual tax cut, inflation and issues of statehood for Alaska and Hawaii (still dependent territories at the time)
 
Topic:  Hospers, John Professor of philosophy, 1972 Libertarian Presidential candidate
Upd   Writings A Libertarian Argument Against Opening Borders
Written for a JLS symposium issue on immigration, argues against open borders mostly from a conservative viewpoint, for example, citing approvingly Peter Brimelow, National Review and Irving Kristol
 
Topic:  Inflation Popularly, a rise in prices of goods and services; in economics, monetary expansion
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses the 1955 $10,000 annual pay increase (about $90,000 in 2018) granted to themselves by members of the U.S. Congress, a proposed $20 annual tax cut, inflation and issues of statehood for Alaska and Hawaii (still dependent territories at the time)
 
Upd Topic:  Many Happy Returns Seventh broadcast episode of The Prisoner, where Number Six celebrates his birthday
 
Upd Topic:  Prisoner, The 1967-68 British TV series starring Patrick McGoohan
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses the 1955 $10,000 annual pay increase (about $90,000 in 2018) granted to themselves by members of the U.S. Congress, a proposed $20 annual tax cut, inflation and issues of statehood for Alaska and Hawaii (still dependent territories at the time)
 
Upd Topic:  Schizoid Man, The Fifth broadcast episode of The Prisoner, where Number Six encounters his clone
 
12 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  Americanization of Emily, The 1964 Oscar-nominated film written by Paddy Chayefsky
 
Upd Topic:  Animal Farm 1954 animated film based on the George Orwell book
 
Upd Topic:  Animated Films Films using sequences of images to create the illusion of movement
 
Topic:  Children Sons and daughters; young persons, infants, adolescents
Upd   Articles Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Upd Topic:  Cool Hand Luke 1967 movie about a nonconformist in a prison chain gang
 
Upd Topic:  Doctor Zhivago 1965 Oscar-winning movie about life around the time of the 1917 Russian Revolution
 
Upd Topic:  Dr. Strangelove 1964 Cold War satire film directed by Stanley Kubrick
 
Upd Topic:  Hombre 1967 western movie starring Paul Newman in the title role: a white man raised by Apaches
 
Topic:  Jillette, Penn Taller, louder half of Penn and Teller magician duo
Upd   Articles Penn Jillette - The magician-comedian-writer's secrets revealed!
 
Topic:  Liberty The right and ability to act and express oneself in a freely chosen manner
Upd   Articles Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Topic:  Liberty, Moral Freedom to engage in acts injurious to one's self or one's property
Upd   Articles Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Topic:  Life The human unalienable right from which other rights obtain
Upd   Articles Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Topic:  Mill, John Stuart Nineteenth century British philosopher and economist, author of On Liberty
Upd   Articles Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Upd Topic:  Mouse that Roared, The 1959 Cold War comedy starring Peter Sellers
 
Upd Topic:  Paths of Glory 1957 Stanley Kubrick film starring Kirk Douglas, set in France during World War I
 
Upd Topic:  Shenandoah 1965 movie about life in the middle of the American War Between the States
 
Topic:  Washington, George First President of the United States
Upd   Web Sites George Washington: A National Treasure
Smithsonian Institution's National Portrait Gallery formerly traveling exhibition of Gilbert Stuart's portrait of George Washington. Site includes detailed Washington chronology and an interactive version of the portrait with accompanying audio narration.
 
11 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  Adventure Films Films depicting some risky undertaking, usually fictional or based on legend
 
Upd Topic:  Adventures of Robin Hood, The 1938 Oscar-nominated movie about the legendary Robin Hood
 
Upd Topic:  All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 Oscar-winning movie about what was then called the Great War
 
Topic:  Bentham, Jeremy 18th/19th century English philosopher and legal scholar, an early proponent of utilitarianism
Upd   Articles Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Upd Topic:  Boom Town 1940 adventure film about two oil wildcatters
 
Upd Topic:  Bridge on the River Kwai, The 1957 Oscar-winning movie starring Alec Guiness and William Holden
 
Topic:  China Territory in eastern Asia, ruled since 1949 by the Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses alternatives to dealing with the 1955 Taiwan Strait crisis and the response in the U.S. Congress and by General MacArthur, the Wolf Ladejinsky case and Federal Government budget estimates
 
Upd Topic:  Crime Films Dramatic, action or thriller films about criminal characters such as gangsters
 
Topic:  Eisenhower, Dwight D. Thirty-fourth President of the United States
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses alternatives to dealing with the 1955 Taiwan Strait crisis and the response in the U.S. Congress and by General MacArthur, the Wolf Ladejinsky case and Federal Government budget estimates
 
Topic:  Hospers, John Professor of philosophy, 1972 Libertarian Presidential candidate
Upd   Articles John Hospers - Hero of the Day
Highlights of Hospers "Memories of Ayn Rand", followed by two excerpts from his Full Context interview
Upd     Hero of the Day - John Hospers (2)
Reworded version of the other "Hero of the Day" article on Hospers, with a different excerpt from his Full Context interview
Upd   Writings Libertarianism and Legal Paternalism
Discusses laws "designed to protect people from themselves" arguing that in general such laws are illegitimate
 
Upd Topic:  Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939 American dramatic film, Oscar-nominated and winner for Original Story
 
Upd Topic:  Mystery Films Suspenseful films typically leading to exposure of some concealed fact, e.g., about a crime
 
Topic:  Objectivism Philosophy put forth by Ayn Rand
Upd   Articles John Hospers - Hero of the Day
Highlights of Hospers "Memories of Ayn Rand", followed by two excerpts from his Full Context interview
 
Topic:  Rand, Ayn Objectivist philosopher, novelist
Upd   Articles John Hospers - Hero of the Day
Highlights of Hospers "Memories of Ayn Rand", followed by two excerpts from his Full Context interview
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses alternatives to dealing with the 1955 Taiwan Strait crisis and the response in the U.S. Congress and by General MacArthur, the Wolf Ladejinsky case and Federal Government budget estimates
 
Topic:  Taiwan Island off the southeast coast of China, ruled since 1949 by the Zhōnghuá Mínguó
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses alternatives to dealing with the 1955 Taiwan Strait crisis and the response in the U.S. Congress and by General MacArthur, the Wolf Ladejinsky case and Federal Government budget estimates
 
Upd Topic:  Third Man, The 1949 British film, winner of BAFTA Best Film award, set in post WWII Vienna
 
Upd Topic:  Waco: The Rules of Engagement 1997 Oscar-nominated documentary about the 1993 siege of the Branch Davidians in Waco, Texas
 
Topic:  War Armed conflict between nations: "The Health of the State"
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses alternatives to dealing with the 1955 Taiwan Strait crisis and the response in the U.S. Congress and by General MacArthur, the Wolf Ladejinsky case and Federal Government budget estimates
 
10 Oct 2018
Topic:  11 September 2001, Attacks of Terror attacks of 11 September 2001 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Topic:  Afghanistan Territory in southwest central Asia, nominally ruled since 2004 by the Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Upd Topic:  Anarchism in America Documentary film that surveys anarchist history in the United States, produced and directed by Joel Sucher and Steven Fischler, released in 1983
 
Topic:  Badnarik, Michael Software engineer, 2004 Libertarian Presidential candidate
Upd   Articles An open reply to John Hospers
Response to a Hospers email endorsing George W. Bush over John Kerry or Michael Badnarik; includes the text of the email, dated 22 Oct 2004, after the reply to let "the reader make up their own mind"
 
Topic:  Bush, George W. Forty-third President of the United States
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Upd Topic:  Comedy Films Generally humorous films that are intended to amuse possibly by exaggeration or parody
 
Topic:  Democratic Party United States
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Upd Topic:  Documentary Films Films that generally present factual information about persons and events
 
Upd Topic:  Drama Films Generally serious films that portray realistic stories and characters
 
Upd Topic:  Epic Films Historical, legendary or other dramatic films usually involving heroic characters or events
 
Topic:  Godfather, The 1972 movie, first of the trilogy recounting the story of the Corleone crime family
Upd   Awards Received 1972 Best Picture
 
Topic:  Hospers, John Professor of philosophy, 1972 Libertarian Presidential candidate
Upd   Web Pages Faculty Profile > USC Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences
Posthumous faculty profile page, listing his academic degrees and research interests
Upd     Our Campaigns - Candidate - John Hospers
Includes photograph, biographical details and information essay, links to races and results, endorsements given and news items
Upd     Libertarian Party: History: Presidential & Vice-Presidential Candidates
Upd     Advocates for Self-Government - Libertarian Education: John Hospers - Libertarian
Includes photograph, biography by Bill Winter and quote
Upd   Articles An open reply to John Hospers
Response to a Hospers email endorsing George W. Bush over John Kerry or Michael Badnarik; includes the text of the email, dated 22 Oct 2004, after the reply to let "the reader make up their own mind"
 
Topic:  Iraq War (2003) Invasion of Iraq by the U.S. and other countries, purportedly to find weapons of mass destruction
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Topic:  Israel Territory in southwest Asia, ruled since 1948 by the Medīnat Yisrā'el
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Topic:  Libertarian Party United States
Upd   Web Pages Libertarian Party: History: Presidential & Vice-Presidential Candidates
 
Topic:  Nathan, Tonie First woman to receive an Electoral vote, 1972 Libertarian Vice-Presidential candidate
Upd   Web Pages Libertarian Party: History: Presidential & Vice-Presidential Candidates
 
Topic:  Official Story, The 1985 movie about an Argentine mother discovering her adopted daughter may be the child of a "desaparecida"
Upd   Awards Received 1985 Best Foreign Language Film
 
Topic:  Oscars, The Annual awards granted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in various categories
Upd   Related Awards Academy Award for Best Picture
Upd     Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
 
Upd Topic:  Petition of Right English document addressed to Charles I in 1628, concerning "Rights and Liberties of the Subjects"
 
Topic:  Roberts, Paul Craig Economist, columnist
Upd   Writings Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Upd Topic:  Science Fiction Films Speculative or quasi-scientific films typically depicting futuristic or imaginary settings
 
Upd Topic:  South Park "I'm goin' down to South Park. Gonna have myself a time."
 
Upd Topic:  Television Shows A television program usually broadcast on a regular weekly schedule
 
Topic:  United States Territory in central and northwest North America, ruled since 1788 by the United States of America
Upd   Articles Americans Have Lost Their Country
Discusses the neoconservatives in the George W. Bush administration and the rationale for their actions furthering wars in the Middle East
 
Upd Topic:  Western Films Films portraying stories set in the American frontier, usually in the 19th century
 
9 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  Duck Soup 1933 Marx Brothers comedy about the fictional country of Freedonia
 
Upd Topic:  Gone With the Wind 1939 Oscar-winning movie about romance during the U.S. Civil War
 
Topic:  Hess, Karl Editor of Libertarian Party News 1986-1990, Barry Goldwater speechwriter
Upd   Books Authored Robert LeFevre: Truth is Not a Half-Way Place
Partial contents: Born to be Different - Down and Out in L.A. - The San Francisco Group and more Financial Troubles - The Shift from Politics - Freedom School (three chapters) - The Phrontistery to Rampart College - A Man at Peace with Himself
 
Topic:  Jacobs, Jane 20th century American/Canadian writer, author of The Death and Life of Great American Cities
Upd   Articles Jane Jacobs: The Spontaneity of Cities
Memorial commentary, in particular about Jacob's books against urban planning and about her activism
 
Topic:  LeFevre, Robert Founder of the Freedom School (later known as Rampart College) in Colorado Springs
Upd   Books Robert LeFevre: Truth is Not a Half-Way Place
Partial contents: Born to be Different - Down and Out in L.A. - The San Francisco Group and more Financial Troubles - The Shift from Politics - Freedom School (three chapters) - The Phrontistery to Rampart College - A Man at Peace with Himself
Upd   Books Authored A Way to Be Free, The Autobiography of Robert LeFevre: Volume One, The Making of A Modern American Revolutionary
Foreword by Loy LeFevre (his wife of 42 years), Prologue, 61 numbered chapters (I-LXI) and note from publisher (J. Neil Schulman)
Upd     A Way to Be Free, The Autobiography of Robert LeFevre: Volume Two, The Making of A Modern American Revolution
42 numbered chapters (LXII-CIII) and epilogue
 
Topic:  Lilburne, John 17th century English activist, advocate of "freeborn" rights and of a written constitution
Upd   Biography John Lilburne
Spartacus Educational
 
Upd Topic:  Network 1976 movie, famous for the line "I'm mad as hell, and I'm not going to take it anymore"
 
Topic:  New York City The Big Apple
Upd   Articles Jane Jacobs: The Spontaneity of Cities
Memorial commentary, in particular about Jacob's books against urban planning and about her activism
 
Upd Topic:  Ninotchka 1939 romantic comedy starring Greta Garbo
 
Upd Topic:  Quiet Man, The 1952 Oscar-winning movie starring John Wayne and Maureen O'Hara
 
Topic:  Richman, Sheldon Former vice president of the Future of Freedom Foundation and editor of the Future of Freedom journal
Upd   Writings Jane Jacobs: The Spontaneity of Cities
Memorial commentary, in particular about Jacob's books against urban planning and about her activism
 
Upd Topic:  Searchers, The 1956 western movie about a Confederate veteran searching for his niece who had been captured by the Comanches
 
Upd Topic:  Sleeper 1973 science fiction comedy starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton
 
Upd Topic:  Star Wars 1977 science fiction movie, known as "Episode IV: A New Hope", first release of the series
 
Upd Topic:  Ten Commandments, The 1956 movie recounting the biblical story of Moses freeing the Hebrews from Egypt
 
Upd Topic:  What About Bob? 1991 comedy movie about a psychiatrist and his patient
 
8 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  Braveheart 1995 movie that recounts the story of William Wallace
 
Upd Topic:  Casablanca 1942 Oscar-winning movie starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman
 
Topic:  Colorado The Centennial State
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Conservatism Political philosophy that emphasizes respect for traditional institutions
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Suggests that a conservative third party, albeit initially small, could be more influential than conservatives staying in the two main parties, and considers the reasons for the intense McCarthyphobia
 
Upd Topic:  Declaration of Independence, Argentine The document that declared Argentina's independence from Spain
 
Topic:  Declaration of Independence, United States The document that formed the United States of America
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Democratic Party United States
Upd   Home Page The Democratic Party
 
Upd Topic:  Fahrenheit 451 1966 movie based on the Ray Bradbury novel depicting a society where books have been outlawed
 
Upd Topic:  Fiction Books Literary works not based on fact, like novels or short stories
 
Upd Topic:  Fountainhead, The 1949 movie based on Ayn Rand's novel about architect Howard Roark
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Upd Topic:  Harry Potter The J.K. Rowling books about a young wizard
 
Upd Topic:  Invasion of the Body Snatchers 1956 science-fiction movie about alien "pods" taking over individuals in a small town
 
Topic:  LeFevre, Robert Founder of the Freedom School (later known as Rampart College) in Colorado Springs
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
Upd     Sy Leon, R.I.P.
Recollections of the life of Sy Leon, Rampart College and the libertarian movement of the 1950s/1960s
 
Topic:  Libertarianism Advocates absolute liberty in thought and action while respecting others' rights
Upd   Articles Sy Leon, R.I.P.
Recollections of the life of Sy Leon, Rampart College and the libertarian movement of the 1950s/1960s
 
Upd Topic:  Magna Carta Charter signed in 1215 by King John of England guaranteeing certain basic rights
 
Upd Topic:  Man for All Seasons, A 1966 historical drama recounting the story of how Sir Thomas More stood up to King Henry VIII
 
Topic:  Mises Institute Research and education in classical liberalism, libertarian political theory, and Austrian School of economics
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Republican Party United States
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Suggests that a conservative third party, albeit initially small, could be more influential than conservatives staying in the two main parties, and considers the reasons for the intense McCarthyphobia
 
Topic:  Rockwell, Lew President of the Ludwig von Mises Institute and editor of LewRockwell.com
Upd   Writings The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Suggests that a conservative third party, albeit initially small, could be more influential than conservatives staying in the two main parties, and considers the reasons for the intense McCarthyphobia
 
Topic:  Shaffer, Butler Professor of law at Southwestern University
Upd   Writings Sy Leon, R.I.P.
Recollections of the life of Sy Leon, Rampart College and the libertarian movement of the 1950s/1960s
 
Topic:  State, The A group of people that claims political sovereignty over an associated territory
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Voluntaryism Libertarian philosophy that advocates non-political strategies to delegitimize the State
Upd   Articles The Wisdom of LeFevre
Discusses various aspects of LeFevre's thoughts, e.g., the distinction between true and artificial government, patriotism, and includes excerpts from a draft new Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Voting Selecting those who will govern by casting ballots
Upd   Articles Sy Leon, R.I.P.
Recollections of the life of Sy Leon, Rampart College and the libertarian movement of the 1950s/1960s
 
5 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  America, Latin The Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas
 
Upd Topic:  America, North Continent occupying the northern part of the Western Hemisphere
 
Topic:  American War Between the States Conflict between the U.S. northern and southern states, which seceded to form the Confederacy
Upd   Articles Abraham Lincoln: 2 assessments: Taking the gloss off of the Great Emancipator
Examines Lincoln's attitude toward the abolition of slavery as well as the effects of his war on the growth of government
 
Upd Topic:  America, South Continent occupying the Western Hemisphere south of the Isthmus of Panama
 
Upd Topic:  Atlantic Ocean Second largest ocean, which separates the Americas from Europe and Africa
 
Upd Topic:  Dubai Metropolis and capital city of the Emirate of Dubai
 
Topic:  Heinlein, Robert A. American science fiction writer
Upd   Articles Robert LeFevre, Paying a Debt Backward
A tribute to Robert LeFevre, highlighting his solution to ensuring private justice
 
Topic:  Hess, Karl Editor of Libertarian Party News 1986-1990, Barry Goldwater speechwriter
Upd   Articles Robert LeFevre, Paying a Debt Backward
A tribute to Robert LeFevre, highlighting his solution to ensuring private justice
 
Topic:  Hummel, Jeffrey Rogers Professor of economics and history at San Jose State University
Upd   Writings Abraham Lincoln: 2 assessments: Taking the gloss off of the Great Emancipator
Examines Lincoln's attitude toward the abolition of slavery as well as the effects of his war on the growth of government
 
Upd Topic:  Indies, West The islands of the Caribbean
 
Topic:  LeFevre, Robert Founder of the Freedom School (later known as Rampart College) in Colorado Springs
Upd   Articles Robert LeFevre, Paying a Debt Backward
A tribute to Robert LeFevre, highlighting his solution to ensuring private justice
Upd   Audio Robert LeFevre Commentaries
About 60 recordings by LeFevre
 
Topic:  Lincoln, Abraham Sixteenth President of the United States
Upd   Articles Abraham Lincoln: 2 assessments: Taking the gloss off of the Great Emancipator
Examines Lincoln's attitude toward the abolition of slavery as well as the effects of his war on the growth of government
 
Topic:  McElroy, Wendy Author, individualist feminist
Upd   Writings Robert LeFevre, Paying a Debt Backward
A tribute to Robert LeFevre, highlighting his solution to ensuring private justice
 
Upd Topic:  New York City The Big Apple
 
Upd Topic:  Pacific Ocean The largest and deepest ocean, which separates Asia and Australia from the Americas
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
Upd   Articles Robert LeFevre, Paying a Debt Backward
A tribute to Robert LeFevre, highlighting his solution to ensuring private justice
 
Upd Topic:  Scotland Territory in the north of the island of Great Britain, ruled since 1707 by the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, the Pàrlamaid na h-Alba and the Riaghaltas na h-Alba
 
Upd Topic:  Vienna Capital of Austria
 
4 Oct 2018
Topic:  Children Sons and daughters; young persons, infants, adolescents
Upd   Articles Why Pay For Things?
Explains the options to how people can obtain things, in terms a five-year old can understand
 
Upd Topic:  Colonies, Thirteen The 13 original colonies whose representatives signed the U.S. Declaration of Independence
 
Topic:  Eisenhower, Dwight D. Thirty-fourth President of the United States
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Wonders whether the 84th Congres (1955-56) will be dominated by "liberals" or conservatives, examines the leadership and chairmen of committees in both the House and the Senate, concluding that socialists can't object to Eisenhower "progressive" program
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Writings Why Pay For Things?
Explains the options to how people can obtain things, in terms a five-year old can understand
 
Upd Topic:  Korea, North Territory in northeast Asia, nominally ruled since 1948 by the Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk
 
Upd Topic:  Mongolia Territory in east central Asia, ruled since 1992 by the Mongol uls
 
Topic:  Private Property Ownership of assets by individuals or non-governmental legal entities
Upd   Articles Why Pay For Things?
Explains the options to how people can obtain things, in terms a five-year old can understand
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Wonders whether the 84th Congres (1955-56) will be dominated by "liberals" or conservatives, examines the leadership and chairmen of committees in both the House and the Senate, concluding that socialists can't object to Eisenhower "progressive" program
 
Upd Topic:  Saudi Arabia Territory in southwestern Asia, ruled since 1932 by the Āl Sa‘ūd family
 
Upd Topic:  Serbia Territory in southeastern Europe, ruled since 2006 by the Republika Srbija
 
Upd Topic:  Seychelles Archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, ruled since 1976 by Repiblik Sesel
 
Upd Topic:  Somalia Territory in eastern Africa, nominally ruled since 1960 by the Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
 
Upd Topic:  Sri Lanka Island in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of India, ruled since 1972 by the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
 
Upd Topic:  Vietnam Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1976 by the Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
 
Upd Topic:  Yemen Territory in the southern Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1990 by the al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah
 
3 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  Cuba Island in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1959 by the República de Cuba
 
Topic:  Democracy Form of government where the power is exercised directly or indirectly by a majority of the citizens
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Upd Topic:  Ethiopia Territory in northeast Africa, ruled since 1991 by the ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk
 
Upd Topic:  Gambia, The Territory in west Africa, ruled since 1970 by the Republic of The Gambia
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles Try This On Your Friends
Poses a riddle about the extent to which government is needed
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Writings Try This On Your Friends
Poses a riddle about the extent to which government is needed
 
Upd Topic:  Kazakhstan Territory in west central Asia, ruled since 1991 by the Qazaqstan Respublïkası
 
Upd Topic:  Kyrgyzstan Territory in west central Asia, ruled since 1991 by the Kyrgyz Respublikasy
 
Upd Topic:  Laos Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1975 by the Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
 
Upd Topic:  Liberia Territory in western Africa, ruled since 1986 by the Republic of Liberia
 
Upd Topic:  Libya Territory in northern Africa, ruled since 2016 by the Government of National Accord
 
Upd Topic:  Macedonia, Republic of Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Makedonija
 
Upd Topic:  Monaco Territory in southeast France, ruled since 1861 by the Grimaldi family
 
Upd Topic:  Places Continents, countries, cities and other geographical and political subdivisions
 
Topic:  Politics The practices of guiding, influencing or controlling government
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Topic:  Society Grouping of individuals interacting with each other
Upd   Articles Try This On Your Friends
Poses a riddle about the extent to which government is needed
 
Topic:  State, The A group of people that claims political sovereignty over an associated territory
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Topic:  Taxation Compulsory contributions demanded by governments from individuals and other entities
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
2 Oct 2018
Upd Topic:  Angola Territory in southwest Africa, nominally ruled since 2010 by the República de Angola
 
Upd Topic:  Armenia Territory in northwest Asia, ruled since 1991 by the Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
 
Upd Topic:  Bhutan Territory in central Asia, ruled since 2008 by the Kingdom of Bhutan
 
Upd Topic:  Bosnia and Herzegovina Territory in south central Europe, ruled since 1995 by Republika Srpska, the Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine and the Brčko Distrikt
 
Topic:  Bright, John 19th century English Member of Parliament
Upd   Biography Rochdale Folk: John Bright
Site of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, "The Birthplace of Cooperation", where Bright was born
 
Upd Topic:  Brunei Territory in the island of Borneo in southeast Asia, ruled since 1984 by the Negara Brunei Darussalam
 
Upd Topic:  Cambodia Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1993 by the Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa
 
Topic:  Communism Socio-economic system in which private property rights are eliminated
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Topic:  Economics Study of the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Topic:  Ethics Branch of philosophy that studies the values that guide human conduct
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Writings Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Upd Topic:  Korea, South Territory in northeast Asia, ruled since 1948 by the Daehanminguk
 
Topic:  Law Set of rules and guidelines intended to influence social behavior
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Topic:  Private Property Ownership of assets by individuals or non-governmental legal entities
Upd   Articles Morals and the Welfare State
Examines five moral principles by which the idea of the Welfare State (described in more detail in an appendix) can be judged; extension of talk given 13 June 1951; later published as "Morals and Liberty" (see The Freeman, Sep 1971)
 
Upd Topic:  Turkey Territory in southwest Asia and southeast Europe, ruled since 1923 by the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
 
Upd Topic:  Uganda Territory in east central Africa, ruled since 1962 by the Jamhuri ya Uganda
 
Upd Topic:  Ukraine Territory in eastern Europe, ruled since 1991 by the republic of Uryad Ukrayiny
 
1 Oct 2018
Topic:  Association, Freedom of The right of the people to meet or associate with others for peaceful purposes
Upd   Articles Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Topic:  Bureaucracy A hierarchy of government officials, mostly unelected, that set policies, prescribe regulations and administer them
Upd   Articles Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Topic:  Children Sons and daughters; young persons, infants, adolescents
Upd   Articles Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Topic:  Communism Socio-economic system in which private property rights are eliminated
Upd   Articles Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Writings Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Topic:  Rights Powers and privileges one may properly claim as due
Upd   Articles Blessings of Discrimination
Discusses the human ability to discriminate, e.g., to feel the heat of a stove, which Buddha considered an "essential" virtue, contrasting it with the policy of nondiscrimination on employment, association and other areas
 
Upd Topic:  Rwanda Territory in east central Africa, ruled since 1962 by the Repubulika y'u Rwanda
 
Upd Topic:  Slovakia Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1993 by the Slovenská republika
 
Upd Topic:  Slovenia Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Slovenija
 
Upd Topic:  Spain Territory in southwestern Europe, ruled since 1975 by the Reino de España
 
Upd Topic:  Sweden Territory in northern Europe, ruled since 1905 by the Konungariket Sverige
 
Upd Topic:  Syria Territory in southwest Asia, nominally ruled since 1961 by the al-Jumhūriyyah al-‘Arabīyah as-Sūriyyah
 
Upd Topic:  Taiwan Island off the southeast coast of China, ruled since 1949 by the Zhōnghuá Mínguó
 
Upd Topic:  Thailand Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1932 by the Ratcha Anachak Thai
 
Upd Topic:  Trinidad and Tobago Islands in the southwest West Indies, ruled since 1962 by the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
 
Upd Topic:  Tunisia Territory in northern Africa, ruled since 1956 by the al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah
 
28 Sep 2018
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles A New Scheme
Comments on the implications of a plan whereby the United States government would act as guarantor for private ventures wishing to invest in Indian projects, providing compensation in the event of subsequent nationalization by the Indian government
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Writings A New Scheme
Comments on the implications of a plan whereby the United States government would act as guarantor for private ventures wishing to invest in Indian projects, providing compensation in the event of subsequent nationalization by the Indian government
 
Upd Topic:  Netherlands Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1815 by the Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
 
Upd Topic:  Nicaragua Territory in Central America, ruled since 1987 by the República de Nicaragua
 
Upd Topic:  Norway Territory in northern Europe, ruled since 1905 by the Kongeriket Norge
 
Upd Topic:  Oman Territory in the Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1970 by the Salṭanat ʻUmān
 
Upd Topic:  Pakistan Territory in southern Asia, ruled since 1956 by the Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[
 
Upd Topic:  Panama Territory in south Central America, ruled since 1903 by the República de Panama
 
Upd Topic:  Philippines Archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean, ruled since 1946 by the Republika ng Pilipinas
 
Upd Topic:  Poland Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1989 by the Rzeczpospolita Polska
 
Upd Topic:  Portugal Territory in southwestern Europe, ruled since 1976 by the República Portuguesa
 
Upd Topic:  Romania Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Statul Român
 
27 Sep 2018
Topic:  Brazil Territory in eastern South America, ruled since 1988 by the República Federativa do Brasil
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses (a) the world outlook after the 1954 Paris agreements, expressing hope "prospects for continued peace" and (b) the rise in coffee prices, pointing the finger at the Brazilian and U.S. governments
 
Topic:  Eisenhower, Dwight D. Thirty-fourth President of the United States
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses (a) the world outlook after the 1954 Paris agreements, expressing hope "prospects for continued peace" and (b) the rise in coffee prices, pointing the finger at the Brazilian and U.S. governments
 
Topic:  Free Market The uncoerced, consensual exchanges of goods and services between individuals, antithesis of the State
Upd   Articles The Writings of F. A. Harper—A Review
Slightly amended from the "Introduction" to The Writings of F. A. Harper, published in 1978 by the Institute for Humane Studies, and serving as a review of the "two-volume memorial edition"
 
Topic:  Germany Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1990 by the Bundesrepublik Deutschland
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses (a) the world outlook after the 1954 Paris agreements, expressing hope "prospects for continued peace" and (b) the rise in coffee prices, pointing the finger at the Brazilian and U.S. governments
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Articles The Writings of F. A. Harper—A Review
Slightly amended from the "Introduction" to The Writings of F. A. Harper, published in 1978 by the Institute for Humane Studies, and serving as a review of the "two-volume memorial edition"
Upd     The Early History of FEE
Excerpted from Hazlitt's remarks at the Leonard E. Read Memorial Conference on Freedom, November 1983
 
Upd Topic:  Kuwait Territory in the northeast Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1961 by the Dawlat al-Kuwait
 
Upd Topic:  Latvia Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1990 by the Latvijas Republika
 
Upd Topic:  Luxembourg Territory in northwestern Europe, ruled since 1944 by the Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg
 
Upd Topic:  Madagascar Islands off the southeast coast of Africa, ruled since 1960 by the Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
 
Upd Topic:  Malaysia Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1963 by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the Prime Minister of Malaysia
 
Upd Topic:  Malta Archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, ruled since 1964 by the Repubblika ta' Malta
 
Upd Topic:  Mexico Territory in south central North America, ruled since 1917 by the Estados Unidos Mexicanos
 
Topic:  Money The most commonly used medium of exchange
Upd   Articles The Writings of F. A. Harper—A Review
Slightly amended from the "Introduction" to The Writings of F. A. Harper, published in 1978 by the Institute for Humane Studies, and serving as a review of the "two-volume memorial edition"
 
Upd Topic:  Morocco Territory in northwest Africa, ruled since 1956 by the al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah
 
Upd Topic:  Myanmar Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1989 by the Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw
 
Upd Topic:  Namibia Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1990 by the Republic of Namibia
 
Upd Topic:  Nepal Territory in south Asia, ruled since 2008 by the Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
 
Topic:  Poirot, Paul L. Editor of The Freeman (1956-1987)
Upd   Writings The Writings of F. A. Harper—A Review
Slightly amended from the "Introduction" to The Writings of F. A. Harper, published in 1978 by the Institute for Humane Studies, and serving as a review of the "two-volume memorial edition"
 
Topic:  Prices Convey information between buyers and sellers
Upd   Articles The Writings of F. A. Harper—A Review
Slightly amended from the "Introduction" to The Writings of F. A. Harper, published in 1978 by the Institute for Humane Studies, and serving as a review of the "two-volume memorial edition"
 
Topic:  Private Property Ownership of assets by individuals or non-governmental legal entities
Upd   Articles The Writings of F. A. Harper—A Review
Slightly amended from the "Introduction" to The Writings of F. A. Harper, published in 1978 by the Institute for Humane Studies, and serving as a review of the "two-volume memorial edition"
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses (a) the world outlook after the 1954 Paris agreements, expressing hope "prospects for continued peace" and (b) the rise in coffee prices, pointing the finger at the Brazilian and U.S. governments
 
26 Sep 2018
Topic:  Bovard, James Author, controversial Washington journalist
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
 
Topic:  Free Market The uncoerced, consensual exchanges of goods and services between individuals, antithesis of the State
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
 
Topic:  Government, Limited Restricting government to its proper functions, defined by law
Upd   Articles In Search of a Word: Limited Government versus 'Anarchy'
Contrasts the positions of Hornberger, who endorses "limited government, with that of Baldy Harper, who preferred to hold "the ideal of a 'total alternative' to political government" as a guiding light towards a voluntary society
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
Upd     In Search of a Word: Limited Government versus 'Anarchy'
Contrasts the positions of Hornberger, who endorses "limited government, with that of Baldy Harper, who preferred to hold "the ideal of a 'total alternative' to political government" as a guiding light towards a voluntary society
 
Upd Topic:  Honduras Territory in northern Central America, ruled since 1982 by the República de Honduras
 
Topic:  Hornberger, Jacob President of the Future of Freedom Foundation
Upd   Articles In Search of a Word: Limited Government versus 'Anarchy'
Contrasts the positions of Hornberger, who endorses "limited government, with that of Baldy Harper, who preferred to hold "the ideal of a 'total alternative' to political government" as a guiding light towards a voluntary society
 
Upd Topic:  Hungary Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1989 by the Magyarország
 
Upd Topic:  Iceland Island in the north Atlantic Ocean, ruled since 1944 by the Lýðveldið Ísland
 
Upd Topic:  India Territory in southern Asia, ruled since 1947 by the Bhārat Gaṇarājya
 
Upd Topic:  Indonesia Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1959 by the Republik Indonesia
 
Upd Topic:  Israel Territory in southwest Asia, ruled since 1948 by the Medīnat Yisrā'el
 
Upd Topic:  Italy Territory in southern Europe, ruled since 1946 by the Repubblica Italiana
 
Upd Topic:  Jamaica Island in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1962 by the Monarchy of Jamaica
 
Upd Topic:  Japan Archipelago off the northeast coast of Asia, ruled since 1947 by the Nippon-koku
 
Upd Topic:  Kenya Territory in east central Africa, ruled since 1964 by the Republic of Kenya
 
Topic:  La Boétie, Étienne de Sixteenth century French judge and poet, author of Discourse on Voluntary Servitude
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
 
Topic:  Mises, Ludwig von Austrian school economist, author of Human Action
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
 
Topic:  Socialism Socio-economic system in which the means of production and distribution are under collective or government control
Upd   Articles Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
 
Topic:  Voluntaryism Libertarian philosophy that advocates non-political strategies to delegitimize the State
Upd   Articles In Search of a Word: Limited Government versus 'Anarchy'
Contrasts the positions of Hornberger, who endorses "limited government, with that of Baldy Harper, who preferred to hold "the ideal of a 'total alternative' to political government" as a guiding light towards a voluntary society
 
25 Sep 2018
Upd Topic:  Denmark Territory in northen Europe, ruled since 1953 by the Kongeriget Danmark
 
Upd Topic:  Dominican Republic Territory in the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1961 by the República Dominicana
 
Upd Topic:  Egypt Territory mostly in northeast Africa, ruled since 2011 by the Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabīyah
 
Upd Topic:  El Salvador Territory in Central America, ruled since 1983 by the República de El Salvador
 
Upd Topic:  Estonia Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Eesti Vabariik
 
Upd Topic:  Fiji Islands in the southwest Pacific Ocean, ruled since 1987 by the Matanitu ko Viti
 
Upd Topic:  Finland Territory in northern Europe, ruled since 1917 by the Suomen tasavalta
 
Upd Topic:  France Territory in western Europe, ruled since 1958 by the République Française
 
Upd Topic:  Guatemala Territory in Central America, ruled since 1985 by the República de Guatemala
 
Upd Topic:  Haiti Territory in the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1991 by the République d'Haïti
 
Topic:  Republican Party United States
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Reflecting on the approaching election and the lack of "pleasant" choices, discusses United States politics drift toward socialism since 1933 and the steady subversion of the "right wing" of the Republican Party that began in 1940
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Reflecting on the approaching election and the lack of "pleasant" choices, discusses United States politics drift toward socialism since 1933 and the steady subversion of the "right wing" of the Republican Party that began in 1940
 
Topic:  Socialism Socio-economic system in which the means of production and distribution are under collective or government control
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Reflecting on the approaching election and the lack of "pleasant" choices, discusses United States politics drift toward socialism since 1933 and the steady subversion of the "right wing" of the Republican Party that began in 1940
Upd     How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
Topic:  Voting Selecting those who will govern by casting ballots
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Reflecting on the approaching election and the lack of "pleasant" choices, discusses United States politics drift toward socialism since 1933 and the steady subversion of the "right wing" of the Republican Party that began in 1940
 
Topic:  World War II Worldwide conflict from 1939 to 1945
Upd   Articles How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
24 Sep 2018
Upd Topic:  Bahrain Island in the Persian Gulf, ruled since 1971 by the Al Khalifa family
 
Upd Topic:  Bangladesh Territory in southern Asia on the Bay of Bengal, ruled since 1971 by the Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh
 
Upd Topic:  Belgium Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1830 by the Koninkrijk België/Royaume de Belgique
 
Upd Topic:  Bolivia Territory in western South America, ruled since 2009 by the Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
 
Upd Topic:  Botswana Territory in south central Africa, ruled since 1966 by the Republic of Botswana
 
Upd Topic:  Bulgaria Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republic of Bulgaria
 
Upd Topic:  Congo, Republic of the Territory in west central Africa, ruled since 2002 by the République du Congo
 
Upd Topic:  Croatia Territory in southern Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Hrvatska
 
Upd Topic:  Cyprus Island in the eastern Mediterranean, the largest portion of which is ruled since 1960 by the Republic of Cyprus
 
Upd Topic:  Czech Republic Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1993 by the Ceská Republika
 
Topic:  Foundation for Economic Education One of the oldest free-market organizations in the U.S., founded in 1946 to study and advance the freedom philosophy
Upd   Articles How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Articles How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
Topic:  Learning The process of acquiring knowledge or skills
Upd   Articles How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
Topic:  LeFevre, Robert Founder of the Freedom School (later known as Rampart College) in Colorado Springs
Upd   Writings How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
Topic:  Wilder Lane, Rose American journalist, author of The Discovery of Freedom
Upd   Articles How to Become a Teacher
Autobiographical summary of the events in LeFevre's life that led to the founding of the Freedom School, including LeFevre's relationship with Baldy Harper and the offer for him to lead the School
 
21 Sep 2018
Topic:  Harper, F. A. Economics professor, founder of the Institute for Humane Studies
Upd   Articles Floyd Arthur 'Baldy' Harper, RIP
Biographical remembrance of "Baldy" including his involvement in FEE, the Volker Fund and the IHS
 
Upd Topic:  Read, Leonard Founder of the Foundation for Economic Education
 
Upd Topic:  Röpke, Wilhelm 20th century German economist
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses the United Nations, whether it is a "worthy and useful organization" and conventional vs. valid reasons for the United States to leave the UN
Upd     Floyd Arthur 'Baldy' Harper, RIP
Biographical remembrance of "Baldy" including his involvement in FEE, the Volker Fund and the IHS
 
Topic:  Socialism Socio-economic system in which the means of production and distribution are under collective or government control
New   Articles Along Pennsylvania Avenue
Discusses the United Nations, whether it is a "worthy and useful organization" and conventional vs. valid reasons for the United States to leave the UN
 
20 Sep 2018
Upd Topic:  Afghanistan Territory in southwest central Asia, nominally ruled since 2004 by the Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
 
Upd Topic:  Africa Second largest continent, population about 1.1 billion.
 
Upd Topic:  Albania Territory in southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea, ruled since 1992 by the Republika e Shqipërisë
 
Upd Topic:  Algeria Territory in northeast Africa, ruled since 1962 by the Al Jumhuriyah al Jazairiyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah
 
Upd Topic:  Americas The combined continents of North and South America
 
Upd Topic:  Asia By convention, the largest and most populous continent
 
Upd Topic:  Austria Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1955 by the Republik Österreich
 
Upd Topic:  Bahamas, The Group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, ruled since 1973 by the Monarchy of the Bahamas
 
Topic:  Capital Goods Tools, machinery and other man-made elements used to produce goods and services
Upd   Articles I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
 
Upd Topic:  Chamberlin, William Henry 20th century American journalist
Upd   Articles William Henry Chamberlin: 1897-1969
Memorial editorial published in The Wall Street Journal on 16 Sep 1969, reprinted in the Nov 1969 The Freeman together with excerpts of Chamberlin's Freeman article of May 1959
 
Upd Topic:  Costa Rica Territory in Central America, ruled since 1949 by the República de Costa Rica
 
Upd Topic:  Europe By convention, a continent comprising the westernmost area of Eurasia
 
Topic:  Free Market The uncoerced, consensual exchanges of goods and services between individuals, antithesis of the State
Upd   Articles I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
 
Upd Topic:  Germany Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1990 by the Bundesrepublik Deutschland
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
 
Upd Topic:  Iran Territory in southwest Asia, ruled since 1979 by the Jomhuri ye Eslāmi ye Irān
 
Upd Topic:  Iraq Territory in southwest Asia, ruled since 2005 by the Jumhūriyyat Al-‘Irāq
 
Topic:  Labor Human physical and mental skills available to produce goods and services
Upd   Articles I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
 
Topic:  Land Natural resources available for producing goods or delivering services
Upd   Articles I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
 
Upd Topic:  Lebanon Territory in southwest Asia, ruled since 1946 by the al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah
 
Upd Topic:  Middle East The countries of southwestern Asia and, conventionally, Egypt
 
Upd Topic:  Oceania The Australian continent and nearby islands in the central and south Pacific Ocean
 
Upd Topic:  Peru Territory in western South America, ruled since 1993 by the República del Perú
 
Upd Topic:  Russia Territory in eastern Europe and northern Asia, ruled since 1991 by the Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
 
19 Sep 2018
Topic:  America, Latin The Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Topic:  Argentina Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1861 by the República Argentina
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Topic:  Association, Freedom of The right of the people to meet or associate with others for peaceful purposes
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Topic:  Boudreaux, Donald J. Professor of Economics, past President of the Foundation for Economic Education
Upd   Books Authored I, Pencil: My Family Tree as told to Leonard E. Read
Read's most famous essay, in pamphlet form; electronic version at the Library of Economics and Liberty
 
Upd Topic:  Colombia Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 1991 by the República de Colombia
 
Topic:  Constitution, United States The supreme law of the United States of America
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Upd Topic:  Ecuador Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 2008 by the República del Ecuador
 
Topic:  Foundation for Economic Education One of the oldest free-market organizations in the U.S., founded in 1946 to study and advance the freedom philosophy
Upd   Books Published I, Pencil: My Family Tree as told to Leonard E. Read
Read's most famous essay, in pamphlet form; electronic version at the Library of Economics and Liberty
 
Topic:  Friedman, Milton 1976 Nobel Prize winner in Economic Sciences
Upd   Writings I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
Upd   Books Authored I, Pencil: My Family Tree as told to Leonard E. Read
Read's most famous essay, in pamphlet form; electronic version at the Library of Economics and Liberty
 
Upd Topic:  Ghana Territory in western Africa, ruled since 1992 by the Republic of Ghana
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles How To Get Action
First published in the short-lived quarterly Ideas on Liberty; reprinted in the 1958 collection Essays on Liberty, Vol. III and in The Freeman Aug 1998; argues the best form of action is working on self-improvement
 
Topic:  Learning The process of acquiring knowledge or skills
Upd   Articles How To Get Action
First published in the short-lived quarterly Ideas on Liberty; reprinted in the 1958 collection Essays on Liberty, Vol. III and in The Freeman Aug 1998; argues the best form of action is working on self-improvement
 
Upd Topic:  Nigeria Territory in western Africa, ruled since 1960 by the Federal Republic of Nigeria
 
Upd Topic:  Paraguay Territory in central South America, ruled since 1992 by the República del Paraguay
 
Topic:  Personal Responsibility Accepting the consequences of one's actions
Upd   Articles How To Get Action
First published in the short-lived quarterly Ideas on Liberty; reprinted in the 1958 collection Essays on Liberty, Vol. III and in The Freeman Aug 1998; argues the best form of action is working on self-improvement
 
Topic:  Press, Freedom of the Liberty to publish facts and opinion
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Topic:  Read, Leonard Founder of the Foundation for Economic Education
Upd   Writings I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
Upd     How To Get Action
First published in the short-lived quarterly Ideas on Liberty; reprinted in the 1958 collection Essays on Liberty, Vol. III and in The Freeman Aug 1998; argues the best form of action is working on self-improvement
Upd   Books Authored I, Pencil: My Family Tree as told to Leonard E. Read
Read's most famous essay, in pamphlet form; electronic version at the Library of Economics and Liberty
 
Topic:  Reed, Lawrence President of the Foundation for Economic Education, President Emeritus of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy
Upd   Writings I, Pencil
Read's most famous essay; resource page at FEE website includes PDF, MOBI and ePub versions, and MP3 recording
 
Topic:  Religion, Freedom of Liberty to practice any or no religion
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Upd Topic:  Senegal Territory in western Africa, ruled since 1960 by the République du Sénégal
 
Upd Topic:  Tanzania Territory in east central Africa, ruled since 1964 by the Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
 
Upd Topic:  Uruguay Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1828 by the República Oriental del Uruguay
 
Upd Topic:  Venezuela Territory in northern South America, ruled since 1999 by the República Bolivariana de Venezuela
 
Topic:  Weber, Max 19th/20th century German sociologist
Upd   Articles The Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
 
Upd Topic:  Zimbabwe Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1980 by the Republic of Zimbabwe
 
18 Sep 2018
Topic:  Foundation for Economic Education One of the oldest free-market organizations in the U.S., founded in 1946 to study and advance the freedom philosophy
Upd   Articles The Legacy of Leonard E. Read
Reflects on the influence of Read on the author and other "freedom devotees", recounting two illuminating examples of Read's "deep dedication to integrity and principle"
 
Topic:  Golf Game in which one attempts to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 holes on a course
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles The Legacy of Leonard E. Read
Reflects on the influence of Read on the author and other "freedom devotees", recounting two illuminating examples of Read's "deep dedication to integrity and principle"
 
Topic:  Hornberger, Jacob President of the Future of Freedom Foundation
Upd   Writings The Legacy of Leonard E. Read
Reflects on the influence of Read on the author and other "freedom devotees", recounting two illuminating examples of Read's "deep dedication to integrity and principle"
 
Topic:  Mises, Ludwig von Austrian school economist, author of Human Action
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Read, Leonard Founder of the Foundation for Economic Education
Upd   Articles The Legacy of Leonard E. Read
Reflects on the influence of Read on the author and other "freedom devotees", recounting two illuminating examples of Read's "deep dedication to integrity and principle"
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
New   Writings The Real Aggressor
Counsels conservatives to reconsider their foreign policy stance of instigating war, fomenting militarism and demanding foreign interventions, and realize that the aggressor is not the "Reds" but the state, which "has been conceived in original sin"
 
Topic:  State, The A group of people that claims political sovereignty over an associated territory
New   Articles The Real Aggressor
Counsels conservatives to reconsider their foreign policy stance of instigating war, fomenting militarism and demanding foreign interventions, and realize that the aggressor is not the "Reds" but the state, which "has been conceived in original sin"
 
17 Sep 2018
Topic:  Achievement Success or accomplishment in life's endeavors
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Adams, John Second President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Upd Topic:  Alabama Motto: Audemus Jura Nostra Defendere (We Dare Defend Our Rights)
 
Upd Topic:  Alaska The Last Frontier
 
Upd Topic:  Arizona The Grand Canyon State
 
Upd Topic:  Arkansas Motto: Regnat Populus (The People Rule)
 
Topic:  Bureaucracy A hierarchy of government officials, mostly unelected, that set policies, prescribe regulations and administer them
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Upd Topic:  California The Golden State
 
Topic:  Foundation for Economic Education One of the oldest free-market organizations in the U.S., founded in 1946 to study and advance the freedom philosophy
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Founding Fathers Leading individuals in founding of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Government The organization that exercises authority over a given political unit
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Government, Limited Restricting government to its proper functions, defined by law
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Grant, Ulysses S. Eighteenth President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Upd Topic:  Greece Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1975 by the Elliniki Dhimokratia
 
Topic:  Gregory, Anthony Research Fellow and Student Programs Director at the Independent Institute
Upd   Writings Don't Privatize Plunder
 
Topic:  Jackson, Andrew Seventh President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Jefferson, Thomas Author of the Declaration of Independence, third President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Johnson, Andrew Seventeenth President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Marshall, John Fourth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  New York City The Big Apple
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Nixon, Richard Thirty-seventh President of the United States, infamous for the Watergate scandal
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Parkinson's Law C. Northcote Parkinson's rule that in a bureaucracy work expands to fill the available time
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Pennsylvania The Keystone State - ratified Constitution 12 Dec 1787
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Political Parties Groups of individuals that organise to gain control of governments at a national or other level, usually by election of candidates for government offices
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Read, Leonard Founder of the Foundation for Economic Education
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Rothbard, Murray Austrian School economist, author of For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
Upd   Writings Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Socialism Socio-economic system in which the means of production and distribution are under collective or government control
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
 
Topic:  Social Security Tax Tax imposed on employers and employees to fund the Social Security system
Upd   Articles Don't Privatize Plunder
 
Upd Topic:  South Africa Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1994 by the Republic of South Africa
 
Topic:  Spoils System The practice by a winning party of awarding government jobs to its members
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Van Buren, Martin Eight President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Voting Selecting those who will govern by casting ballots
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  Washington, George First President of the United States
Upd   Articles Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
 
Topic:  World War I The "Great War", European conflict from 1914 to 1918 that extended to include the United States and some Asian and African nations
Upd   Articles Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom